Knee Replacement Surgery

Best Knee Replacement Surgeon in Pune

Knee replacement, also called knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement, is a surgical procedure to resurface a knee damaged by arthritis. Metal and plastic parts are used to cap the ends of the bones that form the knee joint, along with the kneecap. This surgery may be considered for someone who has severe arthritis or a severe knee injury. Various types of arthritis may affect the knee joint. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults, may cause the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the knees. Rheumatoid arthritis, which causes inflammation of the synovial membrane and results in excessive synovial fluid, can lead to pain and stiffness. Traumatic arthritis, arthritis due to injury, may cause damage to the cartilage of the knee. Joint replacement is an option to consider in such cases.

get Total Knee Replacement Surgery in Pune

Anatomy of the knee

Joints are the areas where 2 or more bones meet. Most joints are mobile, allowing the bones to move. Basically, the knee is 2 long leg bones held together by muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Each bone end is covered with a layer of cartilage that absorbs shock and protects the knee.

There are 2 groups of muscles involved in the knee, including the quadriceps muscles (located on the front of the thighs), which straighten the legs, and the hamstring muscles (located on the back of the thighs), which bend the leg at the knee.

Tendons are tough cords of connective tissue that connect muscles to bones. Ligaments are elastic bands of tissue that connect bone to bone. Some ligaments of the knee provide stability and protection of the joints, while other ligaments limit forward and backward movement of the tibia (shin bone).



Overview of Knee Replacement Procedure

Knee replacement surgery is a procedure that involves replacing the damaged joint surfaces of the knee with artificial components. During the procedure, the damaged cartilage and bone are removed from the joint and replaced with metal or plastic parts called prostheses. The goal of the procedure is to relieve pain and restore function to the knee joint.

During the procedure, an orthopedic surgeon will make an incision in the knee and then begin to remove the damaged parts of the joint. Once the joint has been cleared, the new prostheses will be carefully inserted into the joint and secured with special screws and cement. The knee is then tested for range of motion and stability before the incision is closed.

Recovery from knee replacement surgery can take several weeks. During this time, physical therapy and rehabilitation exercises are recommended to help strengthen the muscles around the joint and improve range of motion. In addition, medications may be prescribed to manage pain and help reduce inflammation. Most patients are able to return to normal activities within 3 to 6 months of surgery.

There are 2 groups of muscles involved in the knee, including the quadriceps muscles (located on the front of the thighs), which straighten the legs, and the hamstring muscles (located on the back of the thighs), which bend the leg at the knee.

Benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery

  • Improved Mobility: The primary benefit of knee replacement surgery is improved mobility. By replacing the damaged joint surface, the patient can move their knee without severe pain and can resume activities that were previously limited due to the pain.
  • Reduced Pain: By replacing the damaged joint surface, the patient can reduce or eliminate the pain associated with the condition.
  • Improved Quality of Life: Improved mobility and reduced pain can lead to an improved quality of life. The patient can return to activities that were once limited due to the pain.
  • Improved Appearance: Some patients may also notice a cosmetic improvement in the appearance of their knee after a knee replacement surgery.
  • Improved Range of Motion: The range of motion of the knee can also be improved with knee replacement surgery. This can help the patient to perform activities with more ease and comfort.

Why opt for Dr. Rahul Bade for Knee Replacement

Dr. Rahul Bade is a highly experienced orthopedic surgeon in Pune who specializes in knee replacement surgery. He has performed thousands of successful knee replacement surgeries and has been practicing for more than 10 years. He has a special interest in the latest techniques and technologies in this field and uses the latest techniques and technologies to provide the best outcomes for his patients. He is also known for his meticulous attention to detail in every surgery he performs. Dr. Bade is committed to providing excellent patient care and always puts the patient’s safety and comfort first. He is also highly respected in the field due to his commitment to providing quality care and outstanding patient outcomes. Dr. Rahul Bade is known for his expertise in knee replacement surgeries, his dedication to patient care, and his compassionate approach to treatment. He is highly rated and recommended by his patients for his excellent surgical skills and his commitment to providing quality healthcare.

The knee consists of the following:

  • Tibia. This is the shin bone or larger bone of the lower leg.

  • Femur. This is the thighbone or upper leg bone.

  • Patella. This is the kneecap.

  • Cartilage. A type of tissue that covers the surface of a bone at a joint. Cartilage helps reduce the friction of movement within a joint.

  • Synovial membrane. A tissue that lines the joint and seals it into a joint capsule. The synovial membrane secretes synovial fluid (a clear, sticky fluid) around the joint to lubricate it.

  • Ligament. A type of tough, elastic connective tissue that surrounds the joint to give support and limits the joint’s movement.

  • Tendon. A type of tough connective tissue that connects muscles to bones and helps to control movement of the joint.

  • Meniscus. A curved part of cartilage in the knees and other joints that acts as a shock absorber, increases contact area, and deepens the knee joint.

Reasons for the procedure

Knee replacement surgery is a treatment for pain and disability in the knee. The most common condition that results in the need for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of joint cartilage. Damage to the cartilage and bones limits movement and may cause pain. People with severe degenerative joint disease may be unable to do normal activities that involve bending at the knee, such as walking or climbing stairs, because they are painful. The knee may swell or “give-way” because the joint is not stable.

Other forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis that results from a knee injury, may also lead to degeneration of the knee joint. In addition, fractures, torn cartilage, and/or torn ligaments may lead to irreversible damage to the knee joint.

If medical treatments are not satisfactory, knee replacement surgery may be an effective treatment. Some medical treatments for degenerative joint disease may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Anti-inflammatory medications

  • Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate

  • Pain medications

  • Limiting painful activities

  • Assistive devices for walking (such as a cane)

  • Physical therapy

  • Cortisone injections into the knee joint

  • Viscosupplementation injections (to add lubrication into the joint to make joint movement less painful)

  • Weight loss (for obese persons)

There may be other reasons for your doctor to recommend a knee replacement surgery.

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